The 7 Key Elements Of Interior Design You Should Know

Seven appears to be a magical number in many contexts, particularly interior design. Property styling professionals typically stick to a set of unspoken “rules” that are based on certain interior design ideas and features. Space, line, forms, light, colour, texture, and pattern are all interior design elements that must be balanced in order to create an aesthetically beautiful room for your Sydney home. Getting these aspects to work together in a symphony will not only improve the aesthetic of a room but will also improve its functionality.

To begin, an interior designer will evaluate the space using these elements of home design, then use them to cover or enhance the space’s various characteristics and shortcomings. The following seven aspects should always be taken into account while designing an interior.

Look to the seven elements and principles of interior design for creative ideas if you’ve been stuck in a home decor loop. You might be amazed at how much you can learn by returning to your roots. Simply continue reading to find out!

The 7 Key Elements of Interior Design Include

  1. Colour
  2. Form
  3. Light
  4. Space
  5. Line
  6. Pattern
  7. Texture

Colour is the First Design Element

One of the 7 elements of interior design is Colour, it  is a science in and of itself, and it is another crucial factor to master. It has the power to set the tone, define unity, and change how big or tiny a space appears. Colour is more than just a matter of personal choice, it is one of the important elements; it can also affect the mood and atmosphere of a space. Red, for example, is typically connected with words like “passionate” or “intense,” while blues and greens are commonly associated with words like “tranquil” or “soothing,” and yellow is frequently associated with words like “happy” and “optimistic.”

When choosing a colour scheme for your Sydney home, consider not just your aesthetic preferences, but also the type of energy or vibe you want to portray.

Also Read: Top interior paint color trends for 202


Another element of home design is Form. The shape of the room, as well as any objects within it, is referred to as form.In other words, it means the three-dimensional physical form of anything. Geometric or natural forms are the most common kind of forms. Natural refers to more organic forms that appear to have been generated by nature, whereas geometric refers to rigid lines and square edges that frequently appear man-made.

In either scenario, we suggest layering and blending both shapes into the space as decorating elements. When it comes to space, an eye instantly splits a room into smaller geometric shapes, ensuring that the overall size of the furniture or accessories is appropriate for the area.

Must Read: Simple decorating rules for room furniture layout.

Light is a Key Decorating Element

Lighting has the power to affect our perception!

Quality lighting is critical in any space, whether it comes from natural sources, man-made sources, or a combination of the two. Consider the colour of the light (cool blue or warm yellow), the light intensity (bright for cooking, soft for reading), and whether the light should be adjustable when picking lighting for your Sydney home.

The decorating element which has the potential to define the ambience and atmosphere of space is Light, it shapes colour, line, and texture, in addition to its utilitarian purpose. Plus, any competent interior designer understands that lighting fixtures are a visual component in themselves, capable of adding the proper amount of panache to any design.

Element of Home Design: Space

Space is the cornerstone of an interior and an important element, and understanding it ensures you’re most equipped to take advantage of what’s available to you.

Almost every design decision revolves around the concept of space. There are two fundamental forms of space as an element of home design which needs to be considered: 2-D space (which accounts for the length and width of a room) and 3-D space (which covers height). When it comes to carpets or rugs, for example, just 2-D space is important; but, you’ll need to consider 3-D space before adding new shelving or furniture. It’s also crucial to leave enough “negative” space to allow for smooth, easy navigation and to visually break up the room.


Horizontal, vertical, and dynamic lines all help to shape and lead the eye in a room. Harmony, unity, and contrast can be achieved by drawing lines using the room’s

furnishings and structural design. Design element- Lines can be vertical, horizontal, or dynamic- lines that express motion.

According to design experts, horizontal lines evoke a sense of stability, but vertical lines are expressive and strong as elements. When applied wisely, dynamic lines, which have their own set of principles, may bring a vibrant, engaging touch to any room.


The purposeful repetition of shapes, lines, or other elements is referred to as a pattern. Pattern is of the design element which is commonly found on wallpaper or fabrics, but they can also be found through the usage of light and other design aspects throughout the home.

While patterns may give energy and motion to a space, too many conflicting patterns can become chaotic, so choose your favorite prints carefully. Patterns also bring interest and life to a room. The pattern’s style, whether floral, geometric, abstract, or any other design, should be in line with the scheme’s overall style.

Texture is a Key Design Element

The 7 elements of interior design also include texture. The tactile surface of an object or finish is referred to as texture. It’s an element that’s often ignored, yet it has the power to provide a new depth to the space. An interior designer combines textures within a space in the same way that they mix colours to create a subtle sense of depth. Consider the terms “glossy,” “coarse,” and “smooth” that define textures.

Texture as a design element has the ability to give character and detail to everything, from furniture to accessories to fabric, making it more visually appealing. In essence, it offers the impression of being in a room. Texture is the way an object feels, not to be confused with pattern.

Color, form, space, texture, pattern, line, and light may all help you discover the interior design world. Vivin Furnishings provides beautiful interior design and property styling to homes in Sydney. We’ve spent years assisting homeowners in discovering their personal style and bringing it to life. For a free quote, contact our team now.

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